Navigation

IUMI's Policy Forum is involved in a range of issues that impact, or have the potential to impact, the marine insurance sector. Policy Agenda items under review are listed here and more information is available by downloading the paper below:

Policy Agenda: Complete List

Show more

Policy Agenda: Topics

  • 1. Arctic sailings

    Published August 2018

    Traffic in polar waters is increasing with more commercial vessels using this route to transit between Europe and Asia; and an upsurge of cruise ships operating in the region. Ice conditions, the role of class, ship design, remoteness, support networks, availability of ice breakers, search & rescue (SAR), and the experience and training of crew are some of the key issues for underwriters to consider when assessing this risk.

    IUMI’s position

    IUMI is supporting and participating in industry discussions, with the IMO for example, to create the necessary standards, regulations and infrastructure for safe operations in polar waters.

    Download

  • 2. Autonomous/unmanned transports

    Published August 2018

    Autonomous shipping/transport is gaining traction within the industry with the possibility of driverless trucks and vessels becoming a reality in the near future. Insurers need to address the various legal and liability issues that this poses as well as the risks related to new technologies and the internet of things. 

    IUMI’s position

    For autonomous/unmanned transports to become insurable the use of autonomous systems must rely on proper industry standards, certification and regulatory regimes. IUMI is monitoring industry and government-run projects. IUMI is also encouraging classification societies to take an active role in the technical and operational risk aspects of autonomous vessels and encouraging the development of industry standards.

    Download

  • 3. Cat fines & low-sulphur fuels

    Published August 2018

    Machinery damage is the most frequent cause of loss in marine insurance. 40% of hull claims, by number, are due to this cause and they comprise 30% of costs. This is likely to increase with the introduction of low-sulphur fuels.

    Cat fines are small particles of metal deliberately introduced to fuel oil to ‘crack’ the fuel and, unless removed, will cause serious damage to a ship’s engine and machinery. Cat fines are the most typical and well-known dominant cause of machinery damage and their impact is likely to increase with the wider adoption of low-sulphur fuels.  

    IUMI’s position

    IUMI is increasing awareness of this issue, monitoring and supporting developments and encouraging the implementation of new IACS recommendations for petroleum fuel treatment systems for marine diesel engines.

    Download

  • 4. Cyber risks

    Published August 2018

    The marine and offshore sectors are becoming increasingly reliant on information technology, data networks, transmissions and connectivity in their daily work. This increases their exposure to cyber related risks.

    IUMI’s position

    Stand-alone ransomware insurance products are already available but consequential damages to hull, cargo and third-party liabilities from a cyber-attack poses a different and more costly risk. The limited data available on such attacks is a challenge to underwriters.

    IUMI takes part in developing industry guidelines on maritime cybersecurity practices. IUMI will continue to monitor the development of this risk and support loss mitigation initiatives, including through IMO.

    Download

  • 5. EU Recognised Organisations and Mutual Recognition

    Published August 2018

    The EU Recognised Organisations (ROs) have established procedures and technical requirements for Mutual Recognition (MR) whereby, under specific circumstances, they will recognise certificates for material, equipment and components from other class societies. However, insurers expect the surveys of safety critical materials, equipment and components to

    be carried out by the RO classing the vessel and are concerned that allowing MR in these circumstances will undermine the significance of ship classification as a vital component in today’s safety regime at sea.

    IUMI’s position

    IUMI recommends that mutual recognition is clearly limited to materials, equipment and components of proven low safety criticality. Where appropriate, IUMI also participates in workshops and consultations to convey this view.

    Download

  • 6. Fatigue – IMO Guidelines

    Published August 2018

    The human factor is the root cause of the majority of maritime casualties and much of this can be attributed to crew fatigue. The IMO is working towards revising and updating its “Guidelines of Fatigue Mitigation and Management.”

    IUMI’s position

    IUMI will monitor and inform on IMO discussions and the revised guidelines in the IUMI Eye Newsletter and through webinars.

    Download

  • 7. Incoterms© 2020

    Published August 2018

    Incoterms© is an agreement between seller and buyer relating to the formalities and obligations concerning the tasks, costs and risks involved in the delivery of goods. The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) began the process of revising the Incoterms© 2010 rules in late 2016. The terms chosen for the transfer of risk will have a direct impact on the cargo insurance obligations, and the revision is consequently of interest to property insurers.

    IUMI’s position

    IUMI considers wordings of relevance to insurers and has provided input on three occasions throughout the revision process.

    Download

  • 8. International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) Code

    Published August 2018

    Bulk carriers have been involved in some of the largest catastrophic total losses, including the tragic loss of lives and near misses due to liquefaction of certain bulk cargoes. IUMI, with several maritime organisations, have taken an active position in favour of developing more efficient regulations through the IMO. It has been confirmed that amendment to the International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) Code will come into effect from January 2021.

    IUMI’s position

    IUMI supports initiatives for a more efficient regulation and monitors and informs the membership in consultation with INTERCARGO, ICS, BIMCO and International Group of P&I Clubs.

    Download

  • 9. Liabilities

    Published August 2018

    EU Offshore Safety Directive

    The EU Directive on safety and environment for offshore oil and gas operations was adopted in July 2013. The aim of this Directive is to reduce, as far as possible, the occurrence of major accidents related to offshore oil and gas operations and to limit their consequences.

    Article 4 of the new Directive states that evidence of provisions to cover potential liabilities shall be included in the application for a licence. Specifically, with reference to financial security the Directive states “…the Commission should undertake further analysis and studies of the appropriate measures to ensure an adequately robust liability regime for damages relating to offshore oil and gas operations, requirements on financial capacity including availability of appropriate financial security instruments or other arrangements…”

    IUMI’s position

    IUMI supports a voluntary financial security system rather than a legislative compensation system over and above existing provisions. This is likely to be most effective, given also the capabilities and limitations of insurance as a financial security instrument

     

    New Zealand Maritime Transport Act

    In 2017, the Ministry of Transport proposed, following consultation, to update the Marine Protection Rules, Part 102 certificates of insurance. The amendment increases the maximum level of financial assurance required for clean-up and compensation under the scaled framework from NZD 600 million to NZD 800 million. IUMI questions the insurance market’s ability to service the requirements as outlined by the consultation documents.

    IUMI’s position

    IUMI has recommended further engagement with insurers to assist with the development of a wording that takes into consideration the role of insurance products as tools for risk transfer rather than as financial guarantees. IUMI also warns about the possible difficulties in obtaining insurance cover with limits over and above existing provisions.

    Download

  • 10. Places of Refuge

    Published August 2018

    Ships in distress should be allowed a place of refuge. The current practice of some states refusing access to their ports is of major concern to insurers and other stakeholders.

    IUMI’s position

    IUMI is lobbying for better accommodation of ships in distress through the implementation and enforcement of existing measures. IUMI supports the EU Operational Guidelines on Places of Refuge and their implementation and is actively encouraging global adoption. 

    Download

  • 11. Safety of container vessels

    Published August 2018

    Container vessels are rapidly increasing in size, and with fires onboard and misdeclaration of cargo being two of the worst hazards in the shipping industry, insurers are highlighting several issues related to the safety of these ships.

    IUMI’s position

    IUMI supports measures that improve the monitoring of containers and their contents, including supporting internationally harmonized legislation and national regulations based on the Code of Practice for Packing of Cargo Transport Units (CTU) Code. IUMI continues to monitor and support measures to ensure the structural safety of large container ships and assessing with other stakeholders the need for further action on the installation of necessary firefighting measures.

    Download

  • 12. Safety of roro vessels

    Published August 2018

    Marine underwriters have witnessed that the frequency of fires in the car/roro segment is currently at a level twice the frequency of fires on most other vessel types.

    Cargo fires are the most frequent type of fires onboard these vessels, which could be related to the fire risk of cars in general, as well as challenges with detecting, locating and extinguishing fires on these vessels.

    IUMI’s position

    IUMI supports the Interferry RoRo Deck Fire Safety Operational Best Practice Guidance and the ongoing work at the IMO to improve safety of roro vessels and car carriers.

    Download

  • 13. Cross-border trade

    Published August 2018

    Many international insurers face a wide range of challenges when doing business abroad, for example; limited movement of data across borders, unfair competition from state-owned enterprises, lack of transparency etc.  Trade agreements that have the potential to reduce restrictions would contribute greatly in enabling marine insurers to offer optimum services.

    IUMI’s position

    IUMI is monitoring and supporting the Really Good Friends (RGF) initiative of the World Trade Organisation and the International Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA). Both represent an opportunity to improve and expand trade in services. 

    IUMI is monitoring (and responding where appropriate) the impact Brexit will have when the UK leaves the European Union. IUMI receives regular updates from its members on developments.

    China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) may also impact marine insurers and IUMI is monitoring the outcomes of this initiative and will respond as appropriate.

    Download

  • 14. Maritime Security/Piracy

    Published August 2018

    The International Maritime Bureau (IBM) reported 180 piracy and armed robbery incidents worldwide in 2017. The Gulf of Guinea, Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean are areas of serious concern for marine insurers.

    IUMI’s position

    IUMI will continue to monitor and inform the IUMI membership of developments. A strong supporter of the Best Management Practice (BMP) 5 guidelines, BIMCO and ICS guidelines, IUMI also supports the implementation of ISO PAS 28007.

    Overall it is vital for owners and insurers to remain vigilant in the Indian Ocean and governments to support counter-piracy operations through naval task forces and other means of support.

    Download

  • 15. Sanctions

    Published August 2018

    International sanctions continue to be used by countries to encourage other nations to conform to international agreements, particularly trade. The current targeting of financial services has demonstrated the necessity for marine insurers to keep up-to-date with new sanction regimes and how to comply with them.

    IUMI’s position

    IUMI will continue to offer guidance on where information can be found from the key sanction regimes and recommends proper due diligence is taken by marine insurers.

    Download

  • 16. Theft prevention and safe and secure parking places

    Published August 2018

    The theft of cargo in the Americas, Asia, Africa and Europe has reached alarming numbers. Cargo crime is encouraged by a low detection risk and limited law enforcement capabilities. Whilst much is being done by the industry to prevent cargo theft, action is also necessary from relevant authorities to reduce losses.

    IUMI’s position

    IUMI encourages and supports measures that contribute to the safe and secure flow of goods within the global supply chain and increases the safety of people working within the transport sector. IUMI will continue to monitor and inform its membership of relevant initiatives and best practice.

    Download

Show more